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Pre-Christian Religions of the North: Sources

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According to Gylfaginning, Óðr is the husband of the goddess Freja.


[excerpt from] Gylf ch. 35b

35b. Óðr

Freyja er tignust með Frigg. ...

Freyia is highest in rank nex...

[status: unverified copy]



Gylfaginning, which is part of Snorra Edda, was composed in Iceland in the 13th century, and holds the stories of many of the Pre-Christian myths of northern Europe. It is believe to have been composed by the Icelander Snorri Sturlusson. Snorra Edda consists of three separate parts, Gylfaginning, Skaldskápamáland Háttatal, all functioning together as a greater work and guide for the aspiring medieval poet and storyteller.


Óðr is named amongs the gods and said to be Freyja‘s husband and the father of Hnoss. He is mentioned in Völuspá 25, Hyndluljóð 46-47 as well as Gylfaginning and Skáldskaparmál. It has been suggested that Óðr is indeed another name for Óðinn.

For more, see:

Ellis Davidson, H. R, (1990), Gods and Myths of Northern Europe. London: Penguin Books. pp. 30, 115, 154

Simek, Rudolf (2007), Transl: Angela Hall. Dictionary of Northern Mythology. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer. pp. 250-251

Steinsland, Gro (2005), Norrøn Religion. Myter, Riter, Samfunn. Oslo: Pax Forlag. pp. 157-158

(Contributed by Liv Marit Aurdal.)


Main text: Gylfaginning

Attributes: Female Gold Vanir Necklace Necklace Travel Travel Female deity

Named things:

Text sections: SnSt Gylf 35bIII


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