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Pre-Christian Religions of the North: Sources

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This section has a description of the god Ullr, a little known entity amongst the gods.


[excerpt from] Gylf ch. 31b

31b. kafli

Ullur heitir einn, sonur ...

'Ull is the name of one, son ...

[status: unverified copy]



Gylfaginning, which is part of Snorra Edda, was composed in Iceland in the 13th century, and holds the stories of many of the Pre-Christian myths of northern Europe. It is believe to have been composed by the Icelander Snorri Sturlusson. Snorra Edda consists of three separate parts, Gylfaginning, Skaldskápamál and Háttatal, all functioning together as a greater work and guide for the aspiring medieval poet and storyteller.


Not much is known about the god Ullr. Only mentioned in the Scandinavian sources, Ullr seems to represent hunting and archery, skiing and skating. He is said to be good to call upon in matters of duelling. in Scaldic poetry he is often used in kennings relating to warriors. He is mentioned in such as Gylfaginning 30, Skáldskaparmál 4 and 14, Atlakviða 30 and Grímnismál 5. Few place names are related to Ullr, mainly in Norway and Sweden. None are found in Denmark.

For more, see:

Ellis Davidson, H. R, (1990), Gods and Myths of Northern Europe. London: Penguin Books. pp.  29, 76, 105-106, 170

Simek, Rudolf (2007), Transl: Angela Hall. Dictionary of Northern Mythology. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer. pp. 339-340

Steinsland, Gro (2005), Norrøn Religion. Myter, Riter, Samfunn. Oslo: Pax Forlag. pp. 144, 196, 236, 245, 271, 432

(Contributed by Liv Marit Aurdal.)


Main text: Gylfaginning

Attributes: battle Battle God Seasons invoking a god by calling name Winter Shooting Arrow Arrow

Named things:

Text sections: SnSt Gylf 31bIII


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